From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The town serves as the eastern gateway to the Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park, the first National Park in Scotland. Due to its location it is often referred to as the "Gateway to the Highlands".The former St. Kessog's Church is now the Visit Scotland Centre, offering tourist information for the area.
Dominating the town to the north are the Callander Crags, a visible part of the Highland Boundary Fault, rising to 343 m at the cairn. Local walks include Bracklinn Falls, The Meadows, Callander Crags and the Wood Walks. The town sits on the Trossachs Bird of Prey Trail.
In 1645, during the campaigns of Montrose, a battle was fought at Callander between the Campbells of Argyll and the Atholl men. The Campbells were harassing the McGregors and the McNabs for their allegiance to Montrose. While besieging Castle Ample the news came of the advance of 700 Atholl men under Inchbrakie. A retreat was made southwards, but, as the Campbells were crossing a ford to the east of the village of Callander, they were overtaken and compelled to give battle. Inchbrakie, advancing part of his force to attack the defenders, quietly marched another detachment towards a ford higher up near the present bridge. A crossing was soon effected, and the Campbells, being unexpectedly attacked on the rear, broke and fled, leaving eighty of their men dead on the field.
As late as 1845 Scottish Gaelic was still spoken in Callander with two schools still teaching it.
McLaren High School educates pupils aged 12 to 18 from a catchment area extending to Tyndrum and Inversnaid.
Callander was served by rail from 1 July 1858 as the terminus of a branch line from Dunblane. A second Callander railway station was opened about half a mile to the west, behind the Dreadnought Hotel, on 1 June 1870 when the railway was extended to Killin en route to Oban, and closed on 5 November 1965. Sections of this former Callander and Oban Railway line, between Callander and Strathyre and between Balquhidder and Killin Junction, are now part of the National Cycle Network (route 7) and the Rob Roy Way.
Callander achieved prominence during the 1960s as the setting "Tannochbrae" in the TV series Dr Finlay's Casebook.
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